Richard Schmidt was NFLRC Director from 1994 through 2012. He is a full professor in the UH Department of Second Language Studies. Following completion of his doctorate in linguistics (specializing in Arabic linguistics), he has spent his career engaged in the training of second and foreign language teachers, including teacher-training projects in Japan, Thailand, Brazil, Spain, and Egypt. His primary research areas concern cognitive and affective factors in adult second and foreign language learning —including the role of attention and awareness and the importance of motivation in learning— as well as the problems of learning and teaching difficult, less commonly-taught languages. His most recent book is the Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 4th Edition. He was chair of the LRC Council of Directors for two years, President of the American Association for Applied Linguistics (AAAL) in 2003-04, and was the 2009 recipient of the AAAL Distinguished Service and Scholarship Award. He serves on numerous editorial and advisory boards, including the national advisory boards of the National Middle East Language Resource Center (NMELRC) and the National Heritage Language Resource Center (NHLRC).