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    Resources for the ACTFL DL SIG / NFLRC Mentoring Program for Online Language Teachers

    • Director(s):
    • Facilitator(s):

      Various professionals in the disciplines

    This page contains materials specifically designed to support the professional learning needs of online world language educators. Please visit the Mentoring Program for Online Language Teachers page for more information.

    Introduction to Online Language Teaching

    This first set of lessons was designed and developed through a collaboration between the NFLRC and ACTFL’s Distance Learning (DL) Special Interest Group (SIG). The curriculum that guided this project was collaboratively developed by members of the ACTFL DL SIG and the NFLRC team and was informed by years of work in this area made available through the BOLDD Collaboratory. The NFLRC contributed its expertise in instructional design and technology and provided logistical support.

    So You Want to Start Teaching Online?

    Presented by Kathryn Murphy-Judy and Jennifer Quinlan
    Questions you should ask yourself and factors you should consider before diving into online teaching.

    Introduction to ADDIE

    Presented by Christopher Hromalik and Jennifer Quinlan
    A basic introduction to one of the most widely used instructional design approaches.

    Nuts and Bolts of ADDIE and Backward Design

    Presented by Christopher Hromalik and Jennifer Quinlan
    Using ADDIE and Backward Design to align content and achieve objectives.

    Building Your Core

    Presented by Victoria Russell and Pete Swanson
    Effective teaching framed in six core practices that help develop language proficiency plus literacy and critical thinking skills.

    Establishing Presence in Online Courses

    Presented by Jennifer Quinland and Laura Hanley
    “Being there” is a critical element in online courses, but how do you do it?

    Project-Based Language Learning

    Presented by Stephen Tschudi
    Project-based language learning poses specific challenges. This session offers critical definitions and specific tools to aid online educators wanting to take the PBLL plunge.

    Integrating Language & Culture Instruction Online

    Presented by Marie Bertola and Kelly Davidson Devall
    How can technology be used to provide authentic opportunities for cross-cultural learning?

    Online Language Learner Orientation & Success

    Presented by Victoria Russell, Kathryn Murphy-Judy & Adolfo Carrillo Cabello
    A profile of online language learners and how best to orient and support them toward success.

    Online Language Program Evaluation

    Presented by Christopher Hromalik and Jennifer Quinlan
    If you completed the ADDIE II lesson, you also thought about program objectives, which positions you well to complete this module on evaluation.

    Accessibility in Online Courses

    Presented by Beatriz Potter
    Accessibility design principles, the law, and fundamental guidelines to be compliant and successful.

    Assessment in Online Courses

    Presented by Ruslan Suvorov and Adolfo Carrillo-Cabello
    A quick introduction to conducting assessments in online language courses.

    Designing Interaction for Online Language Learning


    The following lessons were developed by the National Foreign Language Resource Center in partnership with the North Carolina Virtual Public School. Designed for in-service teachers of world languages in online environments, these lessons focus on four types of interaction that take place in online language courses. While interaction is important in any online course, it deserves special attention in language courses, since communicative interaction is key to developing proficiency in a language.
    The four types of interaction explored in these lessons include:

    • Learner-content interaction
    • Learner-instructor interaction
    • Learner-learner interaction
    • Learner-community-of-practice interaction

    For each of the types of interaction, three perspectives are explored:

    • Theory associated with each type of interaction
    • Best practices in each type of interaction
    • Technologies that support each type of interaction

    Learner-Content Interaction

    LEARNER-CONTENT INTERACTION

    Theory

    Presented by Julie M. Sykes
    Approaches to interaction in online spaces. Cultures of use and online discourse. Ignoring the technology: pedagogy-driven lesson design. Expanding possibilities: what can happen exclusively online

    LEARNER-CONTENT INTERACTION

    Best Practices

    Presented by Kathryn Murphy-Judy
    Working in interpretive mode with novice-level learners. The interpretive mode in synchronous and asynchronous learning interfaces. Preparation, presentation, support, resources, and follow-up for reading, video, and audio content

    LEARNER-CONTENT INTERACTION

    Best Practices

    Presented by Victoria Russell
    Revisiting learner-content interaction: Implementing Processing Instruction. Components of Processing Instruction. Steps for creating structured input activities. Research findings on the efficacy of Processing Instruction.

    LEARNER-CONTENT INTERACTION

    Technology

    Presented by Ruslan Suvorov
    Overview of technology for learner-content interaction. Tools for creating interactive reading tasks. Tools for creating interactive integrative tasks.

    LEARNER-CONTENT INTERACTION

    Technology

    Presented by Karen Price
    Potential for new technologies to transform learners’ interaction with digital content. Technology and emotion in L2 learning. Technology and discourse signaling. Future directions: software that interacts more effectively with human affective states.

    Learner-Instructor Interaction

    LEARNER-INSTRUCTOR INTERACTION

    Theory

    Presented by Marta González-Lloret
    Cognitive and motivational significance of learner-instructor interaction: what learners gain from social presence, input, feedback, and scaffolding. Points for attention in learner-instructor interaction: learner-centeredness, meeting learner needs.

    LEARNER-INSTRUCTOR INTERACTION

    Best Practices

    Presented by Bonnie Youngs
    The “course contract.” The “teaching and learning contract.”

    LEARNER-INSTRUCTOR INTERACTION

    Technology

    Presented by Hui-Ya Chuang
    Purposes of using technology for learner-instructor interaction. Tools for asynchronous learner-instructor interaction. Tools for synchronous learner instructor interaction.

    Learner-Learner Interaction

    LEARNER-LEARNER INTERACTION

    Theory

    Presented by Robert Blake
    Theoretical history of second language acquisition in a nutshell. How SLA theory translates into classroom practice through task design and learners’ negotiation of meaning, supported as necessary by explicit instruction.

    LEARNER-LEARNER INTERACTION

    Best Practices

    Presented by Teryn B. Odom
    Building Community via establishing and maintaining relationships. Interactive Course Design. Interactive Technology.

    LEARNER-LEARNER INTERACTION

    Technology

    Presented by Ruslan Suvorov
    Uses of technology for learner-learner interaction. Benefits and challenges. Tech tools for enabling learner-learner interaction.

    Learner-Community-of-Practice Interaction

    LEARNER-COMMUNITY-OF-PRACTICE INTERACTION

    Theory

    Presented by Dustin De Felice
    Overview on Cooperative, Collaborative & Computer Supported Learning. Overview on Theories Supporting Cooperative Learning. Breakdown of Three Types of Cooperative Learning.

    LEARNER-COMMUNITY-OF-PRACTICE INTERACTION

    Best Practices

    Presented by Herman A. Hall IV
    Addressing the Cultural Practices of Our Target Languages. Culture Café Model for Teaching about the Cultural Practices of the Target Language. Identify Opportunity for Program Development & Potential within Your Organization.

    LEARNER-COMMUNITY-OF-PRACTICE INTERACTION

    Technology

    Presented by Stephen Tschudi
    Four trends in world language education that support telecollaboration. Four kinds of software that match the trends. “Fleshware” problems with implications for using technology. KISS for success.

    Materials Development

    The following lessons on materials development were developed by the National Foreign Language Resource Center in partnership with the North Carolina Virtual Public School. The content of these lessons was collaboratively created by professionals with knowledge about online materials development. These lessons focus on various scenarios in which an online instructor would need to create new materials or adapt existing materials in order to best meet the online language learners’ needs.

    Scope of Information Array / Variety of Viewpoints

    Presented by Masato Kikuchi
    How to adapt available materials when they are not conducive to the type of interaction the instructor wishes to accomplish.

    Leveraging Technology for Materials Development

    Presented by Ursula Stickler
    How to adapt available materials when they are print-based and do not leverage technology in any way.

    Textbook Language

    Presented by Jun Da
    How to adapt available materials when they contain generic content that does not reflect the richness of what people do in the real world.

    Language Variety

    Presented by Marta González-Lloret
    How to adapt materials when they do not represent L2 speaking communities or language varieties that the instructor would like to highlight as part of the bigger speech community, or that the learners would be more interested in learning about.

    Topicality / Current Relevance

    Presented by Greg Kessler
    How to adapt available materials when they do not make a connection with events that are being widely discussed in the L2 community.

    Addressing Multiple Modes in Online Language Instruction

    Presented by Tracy Seiler
    How to adapt available materials when they limit students to using interpretive mode, but do not promote interpersonal or presentational modes of communication.

    Differentiating Instruction in Online Language Courses

    Presented by Nadine Jacobsen-McLean
    How to adapt available materials when they are designed for a specific proficiency level and are not suitable for an online class in which students have a variety of proficiency levels.

    Assessment

    The following lessons on assessment were developed by the National Foreign Language Resource Center in partnership with the North Carolina Virtual Public School. The content of these lessons was collaboratively created by professionals with knowledge about online assessment. These lessons focus on various issues of assessment in online language courses.

    Fundamental Concepts in Assessment

    Presented by Meg Malone
    An overview of the fundamental concepts in language assessment.

    Assessment in Online and Face-to-face Courses

    Presented by Fernando Rubio
    An overview of similarities and differences between assessment in online courses and face-to-face courses.

    Student Learning Outcomes and Backward Design

    Presented by Jennifer Eddy
    An introduction to the principles of backward design and student learning outcomes with the focus on intercultural competence.

    Evaluation Criteria and Rubrics in Online Courses

    Presented by JD Brown
    Development of holistic and analytic rubrics for online language courses.

    Designing Online Assessment Tasks

    Presented by Lea Graner Kennedy
    Designing effective online assessment tasks for interpretive, interpersonal, and presentational modes.

    Providing Effective Online Feedback

    Presented by Michelle Stabler Havener
    Purpose of feedback, types of feedback, and tools for providing effective feedback in online language courses.

    Tools and Technologies for Online Assessment

    Presented by Erik Voss
    An overview of tools and technologies for online language assessment.

    Plagiarism and Proctoring in Online Courses

    Presented by Jennifer Quinlan
    Plagiarism and cheating in online language courses; proctoring to improve security and integrity in online language courses.

    Best Practices and Overcoming Challenges

    Presented by Teryn Odom and Elizabeth Lovelady Alfonso
    A panel discussion of the best practices in online assessment and overcoming challenges in online assessment.

    Selecting and Adapting Materials

    The following lessons on selecting and adapting materials were developed by the National Foreign Language Resource Center in partnership with the North Carolina Virtual Public School. These lessons focus on various issues related to the selection and adaption of materials for online language education and were collaboratively created by professionals with knowledge of this topic.

    Working with Open Educational Resources (OERs)

    Presented by Billy Meinke
    University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

    Adapting and scaffolding online materials for different proficiency levels

    Presented by Leslie Baldwin
    Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools

    Selecting and adapting online materials for the interpretive mode of communication

    Presented by Jesse Gleason
    Southern Connecticut State University

    Selecting and adapting online materials for the interpersonal mode of communication

    Presented by Bobby Hobgood
    University of North Carolina at Charlotte

    Selecting and adapting online materials for the presentational mode of communication

    Presented by Ana Oskoz
    University of Maryland Baltimore County

    Selecting and adapting online materials for the teaching of culture

    Presented by Herman Hall
    North Carolina Virtual Public School

    Helping learners select and adapt online materials to enable self-directed learning

    Presented by Kathryn Murphy-Judy
    Virginia Commonwealth University

    Copyrights and Creative Commons licensing

    Presented by Dan Soneson
    University of Minnesota

    Supporting Students in Online Language Learning

    The following lessons on supporting students in online language learning were developed by the National Foreign Language Resource Center in partnership with the North Carolina Virtual Public School. These lessons place the experience of longtime online language educators at the service of the profession, focusing on nitty-gritty aspects of supporting student success in online language learning and teaching.

    EPISODE 1: Launching a Successful Semester

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Meredith White, Lauren Rosen, Erin Pendergast, Crystal Marull

    EPISODE 2: More on the Onboarding Process

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Lauren Rosen, Erin Pendergast, Crystal Marull, Florencia Henshaw, Elizabeth Edwards

    EPISODE  3: Building Strong Relationships with Your Students

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Deborah Cafiero, Lauren Rosen, Erin Pendergast, Aria Cabot, Teryn Odom, Edna Rodriguez, Florencia Henshaw

    EPISODE 4: Finding Support for Students Facing Challenges

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Teryn Odom, Elizabeth Edwards, Erin Pendergast, Deborah Cafiero

    EPISODE 5: Building Supportive Peer Communities

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Aria Cabot, Sabrina Wengier, Florencia Henshaw, Crystal Marull, Elizabeth Edwards, Erin Pendergast

    EPISODE 6: Has the Meaning of Assessment Changed?

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Mariam Manzur Leiva, Sandrine Hope, Aria Cabot

    EPISODE 7: Is Self Assessment a Good Idea?

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Mariam Manzur Leiva, Alexa Haselhorst

    EPISODE 8: Student Engagement in Online Settings

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Sabrina Wengier, Erin Pendergast, Deborah Cafiero, Florencia Henshaw

    EPISODE 9: Personalized Learning

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Teryn Odom, Edna Rodriguez, Alexa Haselhorst

    EPISODE 10: Managing Mixed Instruction with Remedial Students

    Interviewer: Sarah Boutin
    Interviewees: Edna Rodriguez, Teryn Odom, Alexa Haselhorst, Sabrina Wengier

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